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霰彈槍小常識之槍膛篇

Smooth bore shotgun barrels (including the chambers) do not get "cleaner" with shooting, even with premium ammo.
Shotgun barrels are much easier to clean than rifled barrels of other firearms, but they still need to be cleaned and maintained.

滑膛霰彈槍槍管(包括槍膛) 不會 "越打越乾淨", 無論高級彈藥的使用。
霰彈槍槍管比其他膛線槍支容易清潔,但他們仍然需要清潔和維護。

BTW, the plastic wad does melt and foul the barrel with heavy use.
Those plastic residues are a pain in the ass to clean.

順便說一句,大量射擊時, 塑料彈塞會融化。
清潔這些塑料殘留物是在個痛苦的。

How to properly clean and maintain a shotgun:
如何正確清潔和維護霰彈槍:

http://videos.midwayusa.com/inde ... rrels?id=1_32d287dq

[ 本帖最後由 Code3Cover 於 2013-12-31 09:02 編輯 ]
我妻子常說:  槍就像避孕套 --  寧願是有它而不需要它,不要是需要它而沒有它。

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引用:
原帖由 墾丁飛靶 於 2014-1-1 08:43 發表


圖片中的槍膛,歷經大約超過10個年頭了,子彈消耗平均每年都有幾萬發,槍膛內每年通不到3次吧!
每天使用完的例常保養,只有在扳機、握把、槍托、護木...等等手會碰到的地方做清潔和上油的保養。
槍膛內清潔已經不是例常性 ...
1) How you choose to maintain your shotgun is your business.  The guy in the video (Larry Potterfield), owner of MidwayUSA is a well known expert in firearm maintenance and he has a stellar reputation.

2) If you believe shotgun barrels get "cleaner" the more they are shot, why do you need to clean it 3 times a year at all?  

3) Quality O/U shotguns can go through 750K+ rounds between major factory services.  There are plenty of O/U shotguns that are more than a few decades old with several million round counts.  So your shotgun is still a baby.  

4) Our agency maintains more than 500 shotguns in the field, going through a lot more rounds than you do.  We clean our shotguns, including barrels, after each use.  

5) Pictures are nice, but they are not the best way to show barrel wear or cleanliness.  


1)你選擇如何保養你的霰彈槍是你的事。在視頻上的人(Larry Potterfield),MidwayUSA 的主人, 是在槍械保養維修知名專家,他有一個良好的聲譽。

2)如果你相信霰彈槍槍管(包括槍膛)會 "越打越乾淨",你為什麼需要清洗它每年 3 次呢?

3)質量好的 O/U 霰彈槍可以在工廠主要維修服務之間射擊 750,000 發。 有很多的 O/U 霰彈槍是超過幾十年的歷史, 有幾百萬發計數。所以,你的霰彈槍仍然是一個嬰兒。

4)我們的機構保持在執勤超過 500 把霰彈槍,經歷了彈藥量比你多很多。我們在每次使用後清潔我們的霰彈槍,包括槍管槍膛。

5)照片是不錯,但他們並不是看明槍管槍膛的磨損或清潔度的最好方法。

[ 本帖最後由 Code3Cover 於 2014-1-1 09:48 編輯 ]
我妻子常說:  槍就像避孕套 --  寧願是有它而不需要它,不要是需要它而沒有它。

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Shooting 200 to 300 rounds between cleanings is perfectly fine for most guns.
Shotguns are even more forgiving, and can probably go for 500 - 1,000 rounds between cleanings.
But there are no such gun barrels that become "cleaner" with each shooting session.  
All gun barrels need to be maintained and cleaned regularly.
Our policy dictates all duty firearms must be cleaned after each shoot.

大多數槍支射擊 200 至 300 之間發清洗是沒有問題的。
霰彈槍更加寬容,射擊 500 - 1000 發去清洗或許可以。
但沒有槍支槍膛是可以 "越打越乾淨"。
所有的槍膛/管都需要維護和定期清洗。
我們的規則規定所有執勤槍械必須在每次射擊後進行清洗。
我妻子常說:  槍就像避孕套 --  寧願是有它而不需要它,不要是需要它而沒有它。

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引用:
原帖由 中華大帝 於 2014-1-1 19:53 發表
這是您個人習慣嗎?就我所瞭解每年通槍膛超過三次的人還不少,這些不太清潔的霰彈槍又是哪款呢?
I obviously don't know anything about OP's range.

In the U.S., rental guns at shooting ranges typically do not get maintained as they should.  
It's a function of time investment and profit.  
Rental guns do not need to be 100% accurate or 100% reliable. They just have to go bang for the customer.  There is no vested interest in properly maintaining these guns as personally owned firearms.  Good thing about O/U shotguns is, they can take a lot of abuse and neglect because of their simple mechanics.  And in OP's situation, his shotguns are not "heavy use guns" by our standard.

顯然, 我不知道樓主的射擊場情況。

在美國,在射擊場的租用槍通常沒有得到他們應該的維護。
它是時間投資和利潤的函數。
租用槍並不需要 100% 準確或 100% 可靠的。 他們只要是去給客戶砰一聲的。妥善維修這些槍作為個人擁有槍支是沒有既得利益。好事是, O/U 霰彈槍是可以承受大量虐待和忽視的,因為他們的簡單機械。 而在樓主的情況,他的霰彈槍不是“大量使用槍支”, 以我們的標準。
我妻子常說:  槍就像避孕套 --  寧願是有它而不需要它,不要是需要它而沒有它。

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引用:
原帖由 中華大帝 於 2014-1-2 12:29 發表

關於大量使用,您們的標準又是如何呢?
臺灣的射擊組織可粗分為觀光休閒的推廣和競賽培訓的運動二種,我加入的是後者,體育選手的用量應該比軍警人員大吧? ...
A few points first -
1) When I say "we" in firearm usage, I mean the US gun culture in general, not US law enforcement in specific.
2) Different types of guns have different expected durabilities.  For example, an O/U shotgun is much more durable than a 357 Sig service pistol.
3) The rate of shooting matters.  There is a difference between shooting 100 rounds per day vs shooting 700 rounds in one day per week.  Shooting large amount of ammo in a short amount of time increases wear.

With that said, here are the trends in the U.S. from what I can see:

An average competition shooter will shoot more rounds than an average cop.  
It is not uncommon for a professional competition shooter to shoot over 100,000 rounds per year.  Many professional shooters train 3 to 5 times per week, shooting 500 to 1,000 rounds per training session.  I read an interview of a professional shooter who said he shoots approximately $80,000 dollars worth of ammo per year - that is probably more than 250,000 rounds per year. Obviously his sponsors paid for those ammo.  
An average street cop shoots between 1,000 to 1,500 rounds per year (250 rounds every 3 months for qualification).  A SWAT officer probably shoots between 1,000 to 1,5000 rounds per month, more if fully automatic weapons are used.  Our SWAT team trains once a month, and each officer shoots about 1,000 rounds during each training session.  These numbers do not take into account personal recreational shootings an officer may do.  

Range rental guns can average more than 100,000 per year.  Before the ammo shortage this past year, a range officer from a popular local range told me that their rental Glock 17 averages 10,000 a month.

首先幾點 -
1)當我說“我們”在槍支的使用,我的意思是,美國槍支文化,不是美國執法具體。
2)不同類型的槍支有不同的預期耐久性。例如,一個 O/U 霰彈槍比一個 357 Sig 執勤手槍更耐用。
3)射擊速率。每天射擊 100 發與在每週一天射擊 700 發之間有差異。在很短的時間射擊大量彈藥量增加磨損。

隨著中說,這裡是我所看到的趨勢在美國:

競爭射手將平均比一般的警察射擊更多發。
一個專業競賽射手每年射擊 10 多萬發是尋常的。很多專業的射手每週訓練 3 〜5 次,每次射擊 500〜1000 發。我看過一個專業射手的採訪,他每年射擊約 80,000 美元價值彈藥 - 這可能是每年超過 25 萬發。顯然,他的贊助商支付這些彈藥。
一個普通的街頭警察每年射擊介乎 1,000 至 1,500 發(每 3 個月 250 發進行鑑定試驗)。 SWAT 人員可能每月射擊 1000 至1,5000 發不等,更多的如果使用全自動武器。我們的 SWAT 每月訓練一次,每個人員每次訓練射擊約 1000 發。這些數字並沒有考慮到個人娛樂射擊。

靶場租用槍可以平均每年超過 10 萬發。,在過去的一年彈藥短缺之前,本地一個流行的靶場人員告訴我,他們的 Glock 17 租用槍每月平均 10,000 發。
我妻子常說:  槍就像避孕套 --  寧願是有它而不需要它,不要是需要它而沒有它。

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